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History

On This Day…

On This Day…

642 - Arab forces under Amr ibn al-'As conquer Alexandria  1683 - Dutch scientist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is the first to report the existence of bacteria  1862 - Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

1620 - English colonists aboard the Mayflower set sail for America, where they founded Plymouth, Massachusetts, after 41 men, including William Bradford and Myles Standish, signed the Mayflower Compact.  1795 - British capture Capetown, South Africa, from the Dutch  1800 - Pope Pius…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

1616 - First non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati, Italy  1821 - Act of Independence of Central America: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua declare their independence…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

1752 - Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian calendar (no Sept 3 - Sept 13)  1936 - 1st prefrontal lobotomy in America performed by Walter Freeman and James W. Watts…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

1758 - French astronomer Charles Messier mistakenly identifies the Crab Nebula so begins his Messier Catalogue  1909 - World's first patent for synthetic rubber granted to German chemist Fritz Hofmann  1933 - Leó Szilárd, waiting for a…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

1297 - Battle at Stirling Bridge, Scottish rebel William Wallace defeats the English  1565 - Turkish forces retreat from Malta  1609 - Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain's Moriscos …
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On This Day…

On This Day…

1776 - George Washington asks for a spy volunteer, Nathan Hale volunteers  1608 - Having survived capture by Indians (reputedly through the efforts of Pocahontas, a chief's daughter), John Smith became president of Jamestown colony, the first permanent English settlement in North…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

1380 - Battle on Kulikovo: Moscow's great monarch Dimitri defeats the Mongols beginning the decline of the Tatars  1504 - Michelangelo's Statue of David is unveiled in Florence  1522 - Spanish navigator Juan de Elcano returns to…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

  70 - Roman army under General Titus occupies and plunders Jerusalem  1714 - Treaty of Baden: Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI & France, ends War of Spanish Succession, French retain Alsace, Austria gets bank of Rhine  1822 - Pedro I,…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

3114 BC - Date Maya/Mesoamerican Long Count Calendar starts dating from (as corresponds to the Julian Calendar).  1522 - Ferdinand Magellan's Spanish expedition aboard the Vitoria returns to Spain without…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

1542 - Rabbi Joseph Caro completes his commentary of Tur Code  1850 - 1st US National Women's Rights Convention convenes in Worcester, Massachusetts  1972 - Italian immigrants Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were executed for murder in…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

1192 - Minamoto Yoritomo becomes Seii Tai Shōgun and the de facto ruler of Japan. - (Traditional Japanese date: July 12, 1192)  1703 - The Edirne Event: Turkish army removes Sultan Mustafa II, lessening the power of the sultans  1772 - King Gustav…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

1597 - 1st Dutch East India Company ships return from the Far East  1619 - 1st known African Americans in English North America (approx. 20) land at Point Comfort (Fort Monroe), Virginia. They are…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

43 BC - Octavian, later known as Augustus, compels the Roman Senate to elect him Consul  1839 - Details of Louis Daguerre's 1st practical photographic process are released in Paris  1942 - World War II: Over 4,000 Canadian and…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

1737 - First public admittance to the Salon de Paris art exhibition at the Louvre in Paris  1838 - United States Exploring Expedition headed by Charles Wilkes departs for the Pacific Ocean and Antarctica  1914 - US President Woodrow…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

622 - Muslim Era begins - Muhammad begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hijra)  1054 - Three Roman legates fracture relations between Western and Eastern Christian churches by placing invalid Papal Bull of Excommunication…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

1281 - During Kublai Khan's second Mongol invasion of Japan his invading Chinese fleet of 3,500 vessels disappears in a typhoon near Japan  1842 - Second Seminole War declared over by Colonel Worth; Indians go on to…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

1521 - Spanish conquistadors under Hernán Cortés capture Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc in Tenochtitlan marking the end of the Aztec Empire  1536 - Buddhist monks from Kyōto's Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date:…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

1121 - Battle of Didgori: the Georgian army under King David the Builder wins a decisive victory over the famous Seljuk commander Ilghazi  1480 - Battle of Otranto - Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

3114 BC - The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations, notably the Mayans, begins  1945 - Allies refuse Japan's offer to surrender on the condition that Emperor Hirohito retains his status  1950 - Ethel…
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On This Day…

On This Day…

612 BC - Killing of Sinsharishkun, King of Assyrian Empire. Destruction of Nineveh.  610 - In Islam, the traditional date of the Laylat al-Qadr, when Muhammad began to receive the Qur'an  1497 - John Cabot tells King Henry VII of…
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