On This Day…

On This Day…

527 - Justinian I becomes the sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire 1086 - Results of the Domesday inquiry presented to William the Conqueror in Salisbury (the date of compilation and the Great Domesday are…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

30 BC - Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves minor victory over Octavian, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to Octavian's invasion of Egypt 1620 - Pilgrim Fathers depart Leiden, Netherlands for England…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1588 - The Battle of Gravelines - Spanish Armada damaged and scattered by the English fleet 1609 - Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs at Ticonderoga, New York setting the…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1586 - Walter Raleigh brings the 1st tobacco to England from Virginia 1689 - Battle of Killicrankie: Jacobite Scottish Highlanders under Viscount Dundee defeat royalist force under General MacKay 1789 - US Congress establishes…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

306 - Constantine I is proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops 1814 - English engineer George Stephenson introduces his first steam locomotive, a travelling engine designed for hauling coal on the Killingworth wagonway named Blücher…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1534 - Jacques Cartier lands in Canada, claims it for France 1567 - Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate; her 1-year-old son becomes King James VI of Scots 1832 - Benjamin Bonneville leads the first wagon…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1099 - First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem 1456 - Battle at Nandorfehervar (Belgrade): Hungarian army under Janos Hunyadi…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1595 - Astronomer Johannes Kepler has an epiphany and develops his theory of the geometrical basis of the universe while teaching in Graz 1843 - The steamship SS Great Britain is launched, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel,…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

64 - Great Fire of Rome begins under the Emperor Nero 1925 - Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf (original title was the catchy "Four and a Half Years (of Struggle) Against Lies, Stupidity and…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

180 - 6 inhabitants of Carthage, North Africa executed for being Christians. Earliest record of Christianity in this part of the world. 1203 - Siege of Constantinople begins during the fourth Crusade,…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1789 - Bastille Day - the French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille Prison in Paris (now celebrated as France's national day) 1798 - US Sedition Act prohibits "false, scandalous &…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1772 - Captain James Cook begins 2nd voyage aboard the Resolution to the South Seas to search for Terra Australis (Southern continent) 1832 - Source of Mississippi River discovered by American geographer Henry Schoolcraft…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1778 - American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain 1940 - Battle of Britain begins as Nazi forces attack shipping convoys in the English Channel 1985 - French…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1401 - Turko-Mongol ruler Tamerlane (Timur) destroys Baghdad, killing 20,000 1790 - Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund - in the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet 1868 -…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1099 - First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on 1283 - War of the Sicilian Vespers: Battle of Malta 1497 - Portuguese…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1520 - Battle of Otumba, Mexico: Hernán Cortés and the Tlaxcalans defeat a numerically superior Aztec force 1937 - Japanese and Chinese troops clash at the Marco Polo Bridge, beginning the Second Sino-Japanese War…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1689 - Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu, Japan 1858 - The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society 1863 - Battle…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1520 - Spanish conquistadors are expelled from Tenochtitlan following an Aztec revolt against their rule under Hernán Cortés during "La Noche Triste" (the Night of Sadness). Many soldiers drown in the escape, and…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1389 - Ottomans defeat Serbian army in the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe 1519 - King Carlos I elected Holy Roman Catholic Emperor Charles…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1542 - Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo sets sail from the Mexican port of Navidad to explore the west coast of North America on behalf of the Spanish Empire 1743 - War of the Austrian…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

363 - Roman Emperor Julian is killed during retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by troops on the battlefield. 1794 - Battle of Fleurus: major victory by forces…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1678 - Venetian Elena Cornaro Piscopia is awarded a doctorate of philosophy from the University of Padua, 1st woman to receive a university doctoral degree or PhD 1876 - Battle of the Little Bighorn:…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1497 - John Cabot claims Eastern Canada for England (believes he has found Asia in Nova Scotia) 1509 - Henry VIII is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey, London 1793 - 1st republican constitution…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1788 - US Constitution comes into effect when New Hampshire is the 9th state to ratify it 1854 - First Victoria Cross won during bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands (Crimean War)…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

451 - Battle of the Catalaunian Plains: Roman and Visigoths forces defeat Attila the Hun in north east France 1214 - The University of Oxford receives its charter 1789 - French Revolution: The…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1306 - The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Robert the Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven 1829 - Sir Robert Peel introduces the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 into Parliament to establish a unified…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

618 - Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries of the Tang Dynasty's rule over China 1812 - War…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1373 - Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of Alliance (world's oldest extant) signed in London 1866 - US House of representatives passes 14th Amendment (Civil rights) 1878 - Congress of Berlin begins, determines the territories of…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1381 - Peasants' Revolt: in England, rebels arrive at Blackheath 1830 - Beginning of the French colonization of Algeria: 34,000 French soldiers land 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch 1864 -…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1184 BC - Trojan War: Troy is sacked and burned, according to calculations by Eratosthenes 631 - Emperor Taizong of Tang of China, sends envoys to the Xueyantuo bearing gold and silk…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

452 - Italy invaded by Attila the Hun 793 - Vikings in long ships from modern-day Norway plunder St Cuthbert's monastery on Lindisfarne Island, off the northeast coast of England 1191 -…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1494 - Treaty of Tordesillas: Spain and Portugal divide the new world along a meridian 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde islands, off the west coast of Africa 1628 - English…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1523 - Gustav Vasa is elected King of Sweden, marking the end of the Kalmar Union 1716 - French transport the 1st African slaves to Louisiana 1916 - The death of Yuan Shikai, ruler…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1873 - Sultan Bargash bin Said under British pressure closes the infamous slave market of Zanzibar in modern day Tanzania 1947 - US Secretary of State George Marshall outlines the "Marshall Plan" to rebuild…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1621 - Dutch West India Company (WIC) receives charter for The West Indies (The Americas, Caribbean and West Africa) 1929 - Chile and Peru sign the Treaty of Lima, finally resolving their…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

4000 BC - Approximate domestication of the horse in the Eurasian steppes near Dereivka, central Ukraine (hypothesis only) 1215 - Beijing, under control of Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured…
Read More Here
On This Day …

On This Day …

1902 - Boer War Ends; Treaty of Unity signed, Britain annexes Transvaal 1910 - Union of South Africa declares its independence from the United Kingdom 1916 - Battle of Jutland: Largest naval battle…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1660 - On his 30th birthday Charles II returns to London from exile in the Netherlands to claim the English throne after the Puritan Commonwealth comes to an end 1851 - Sojourner Truth addresses 1st…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

28th May 585 BC - Solar eclipse, as predicted by Greek philosopher Thales, while Lydians at war with the Medes leads to a truce. One of the cardinal dates from which…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1679 - Habeaus Corpus Act (strengthening person's right to challenge unlawful arrest & imprisonment) passes in England 1703 - Saint Petersburg (Leningrad) founded by Russian Tsar Peter the Great 1873 - Heinrich Schliemann discovers "Priam's…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1595 - Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library 1738 - John Wesley is converted, launching the Methodist movement; celebrated annually by Methodists as Aldersgate Day…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1618 - Second Defenestration of Prague: Two Catholic Lords Regent and their secretary are thrown out of a window and amazingly are not seriously injured by the 70 foot (21m) fall.…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

334 BC - The Macedonian army of Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of the Granicus 1570 - 1st atlas 'Theatrum Orbis Terrarum' (Theatre of the World), published by Abraham…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1792 - Mount Unzen on Japan's Shimabara Peninsula, erupts creating a tsunami, killing about 15,000; Japan's deadliest volcanic eruption 1832 - 1st Democratic National Convention (Baltimore) 1881 - Clara Barton founded the American…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1498 - Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Calicut, India becoming the first European to reach India by sea 1784 - The Netherlands yielded to Great Britain some of its holdings in India and Indonesia in a…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1643 - Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Harbor form the United Colonies of New England 1649 - England is declared a Commonwealth by an act of the Rump Parliament making England…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1291 - After 100 years of Crusader control, Acre is the last Crusader stronghold reconquered and destroyed by the Mamluks under Sultan al-Ashraf Khalil 1804 - Napoleon Bonaparte proclaimed Emperor of France by…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1527 - Pánfilo de Narváez departs Spain to explore Florida with 600 men - by 1536 only 4 survive 1792 - 24 merchants form New York Stock Exchange at 70 Wall Street…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1920 - Joan of Arc (Jeanne D'arc) canonized a saint 1943 - Operation Chastise: No. 617 Squadron RAF begins the famous Dambusters Raid, bombing the Möhne and Eder dams in the Ruhr valley with bouncing…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1252 - Pope Innocent IV issues the papal bull ad exstirpanda, which authorizes, but also limits, the torture of heretics in the Medieval Inquisition 1618 - German astronomer Johannes Kepler discovers the third of…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1787 - Delegates gather in Philadelphia to draw up US Constitution 1796 - English country doctor Edward Jenner administers the first inoculation against smallpox, using cowpox pus, in Berkeley, Gloucestershire 1804 - Meriwether Lewis and William Clark's expedition…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1787 - Arthur Phillip sets sails with 11 ships of criminals to Botany Bay, Australia 1830 - Republic of Ecuador is founded, with Juan Jose Flores as president 1934 - Great dustbowl storm sweeps…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1789 - William Wilberforce makes his first major speech on abolition in the UK House of Commons, reasoning the slave trade morally reprehensible and an issue of natural justice 1940 - Nazi blitzkrieg and conquest…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

330 - Constantinople (Byzantium) becomes the capital of the Roman Empire 1189 - Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa and 100,000 crusaders depart Regensburg for the Third Crusade 1751 - Pennsylvania Hospital founded by Dr.…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1497 - Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci leaves for his first voyage to the New World (disputed) 1775 - Second Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and issues paper currency for 1st time 1801 - First…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1386 - Treaty of Windsor between Portugal and England (oldest diplomatic alliance in the world still in force) 1865 - President Andrew Johnson issues a proclamation declaring armed resistance in the South is virtually…
Read More Here
On This Day…

On This Day…

1660 - English parliament declares Charles Stuart to be King Charles II of England 1835 - 1st installment of Hans Christian Andersen "Fairy Tales" published by C. A. Reitzel in Copenhagen, Denmark 1895 - China cedes Taiwan…
Read More Here