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On This Day…

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27 BC – The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate.
1412 – The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy.
1547 – Ivan IV the Terrible (17) crowns himself first tsar of Moscow.
1556Charles V, Holy Roman emperor and king of Spain, renounced his claim to Spain.
1605 – The first edition of “El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha” (Book One of Don Quixote) by Miguel de Cervantes is published in Madrid.
1793 -French King Louis XVI sentenced to death by the National Convention during the French Revolution.
1883The Pendleton Civil Service Act, a bill sponsored by Senator George H. Pendleton of Ohio, established the Civil Service Commission in the United States.
1913 – British House of Commons accepts Home Rule for Ireland (but the Great War gets in the way of it happening).
1920 – 1st assembly of the League of Nations is held in Paris.
1991The Persian Gulf War, triggered by Iraq’s occupation of Kuwait in August 1990, began on this day in 1991 with a U.S.-led air offensive against Iraq that continued until a cease-fire was declared on February 28.
1992The civil war in El Salvador ended as the government and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front signed the Chapultepec Peace Accords in Mexico City.
2006Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, the first woman to be elected head of state of an African country, was sworn in as president of Liberia. 

Births & Deaths: 2017American astronaut Eugene Cernan, the last person to walk on the Moon (1972), died at age 82.  

Sport: 1933 – Cricket’s Bodyline Tour: Australian batsman Bert Oldfield’s skull fractured by delivery bowled by Englishman Harold Larwood during the third test in Adelaide.

Music:1938 – 1st jazz concert held at Carnegie Hall (Benny Goodman).
1963 – Los Angeles night club and music venue The Whiskey A-Go-Go opens (inducted into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame 2006).

TV & Film:1936 – Screen Actors Guild incorporates with King Vidor as president.
1973The last episode of Bonanza aired on NBC as the popular western series ended after 14 seasons. 

Via Britannica / On This Day

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