Two members of Israel’s outgoing coalition government vowed on Tuesday (June 21) to prevent a comeback by ex-premier Benjamin Netanyahu, their fellow right winger, as the country braced for a fifth election in three years with polling predicting no clear winner.
Sapped by infighting that ended his razor-thin parliamentary majority, Prime Minister Naftali Bennett on Monday announced he would move to dissolve the Knesset, with Foreign Minister Yair Lapid assuming top office in a caretaker capacity.
A preliminary vote on that motion is set for Wednesday.
The prospect of an election as early as October – delighted Netanyahu, Israel’s longest-serving leader who was toppled a year ago after Bennett mustered a rare coalition of hard-right, liberal and Arab politicians.
He said his conservative Likud party would lead the next government.
Yohanan Plesner, President of the Israel Democracy Institute, said that although Israel was a strong democracy, the unusual number of elections rounds could lead to instability.
Surveys have consistently given Likud around 30 of parliament’s 120 seats – which would make it the biggest party but would require Netanyahu to sign up like-minded allies, including among current partners in Bennett’s coalition.
Two of those – Finance Minister Avigdor Lieberman and Justice Minister Gideon Saar – ruled out joining forces with Netanyahu, who is on trial on corruption charges he denies.
Lieberman said at a conference that coalition lawmakers may link the motion to dissolve the Knesset to a bill that would prevent anyone under criminal indictment from heading a government. But a Knesset spokesman said such linkage was not technically possible in the voting scheduled for Wednesday.
In his last two years in office, Netanyahu’s legal woes denied him the solid right-wing coalition he sought through four elections.
A poll aired by Tel Aviv radio station 103 FM on Tuesday found that Netanyahu and likely rightist or ultra-Orthodox Jewish allies could command 59 parliament seats in the next vote, versus 55 predicted for parties in the current coalition. An Arab party not expected to back either bloc got six seats.
The eventual political map could change, however, if smaller parties disappear or join forces – or if Netanyahu or Lapid, whose centrist Yesh Atid party is polling in second place, manage to reach across to less-likely partners.