962 - Byzantine-Arab Wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops stormed city of Aleppo, recovering the tattered tunic of John the Baptist.
1688 - King James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch flees to France from William of Orange.
1783 - US General George Washington resigns his military commission as Commander-in-Chief of the Army to Congress.
1888 – Vincent van Gogh cuts off his left ear with a razor, after argument with fellow painter Paul Gauguin, and sends to a prostitute for safe keeping.
1920 - Government of Ireland Act / Home Rule Act passed partitioning Ireland.
1954 – The first human kidney transplant is performed by Dr. Joseph E. Murray at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts.
1986 – After nine days and four minutes in the sky, the experimental aircraft Voyage- piloted by Americans Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager- lands at Edwards Air Force Base in California, completing the first nonstop flight around the globe on one load of fuel.
2013 – Russian weapons designer Mikhail Kalashnikov—who invented the AK-47 (automatic Kalashnikov Model 1947), an assault rifle that became one of the most successful and ubiquitous firearms of the modern era—died in Izhevsk, Russia.
Film : 1928 - NBC sets up a permanent, coast-to-coast radio network
Music: 1893 – Opera “Hansel und Gretel” by Engelbert Humperdinck and his sister Adelheid Wette premieres in Weimar, conducted by Richard Strauss
1929 – American jazz trumpeter and vocalist Chet Baker, who was noted for the plaintive, fragile tone of both his playing and his singing, was born.
Via Britannica / On This Day