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On This Day…

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1787 – Arthur Phillip sets sails with 11 ships of criminals to Botany Bay, Australia 

1830 – Republic of Ecuador is founded, with Juan Jose Flores as president 

1846Tensions between Mexico and the United States—stemming from the U.S. annexation of Texas (1845)—led the U.S. Congress on this day in 1846 to approve overwhelmingly a declaration of war against its southern neighbour. 

1917Three children—Lucia dos Santos and her cousins Francisco and Jacinta Marto—reported seeing the Virgin Mary near Fátima, Portugal. 

1934 – Great dustbowl storm sweeps across US prairies 

1940 – Winston Churchill says “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat” in his first speech as Prime Minister to British House of Commons 

1960A Swiss expedition led by Max Eiselin reached the summit of Dhaulagiri in the Himalayas. 

1981 – Pope John Paul II is shot and critically wounded by Turkish gunman Mehemet Ali Agca in St Peter’s Square, Vatican City 

1989 – Approx 2,000 students begin hunger strike in Tiananmen Square, China 

Births & Deaths:
1950American musician Stevie Wonder, a child prodigy who developed into one of the most creative musical figures of the late 20th century, was born in Saginaw, Michigan. 

Sport:
1950 – First ever race of the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship is run at Silverstone, England and won by Giuseppe Farina of italy in an Alfa Romeo 

Music:
1767 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s first opera “Apollo et Hyacinthus”, written when he was 11 years old, premieres in Salzburg 

TV & Film:
2004 – The final episode of “Frasier” on NBC is watched by 33 million people 

Via Britannica / On This Day

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