On This Day…

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495 BCEOn the Aventine Hill in Rome, the temple of the Roman god Mercury was dedicated. 

1252 – Pope Innocent IV issues the papal bull ad exstirpanda, which authorizes, but also limits, the torture of heretics in the Medieval Inquisition 

1618 – German astronomer Johannes Kepler discovers the third of his three planetary laws his “harmonics law” 

1869 – National Woman Suffrage Association forms in New York, founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton 

1918The first regular airmail route in the United States opened between New York City and Washington, D.C. 

1940 – Richard and Maurice McDonald open the 1st McDonald’s restaurant in San Bernardino, California 

1951 – AT&T becomes the 1st US corporation to have a million stockholders after young car salesman Brady Denton purchases 7 shares worth $1,078 

1969American lawyer and judge Abe Fortas became the first U.S. Supreme Court justice to resign under threat of impeachment. 

1988 – USSR begins withdrawing its 115,000 troops from Afghanistan 

1991Edith Cresson of the Socialist Party became the first female premier of France, but she lost the office less than a year later because of rising unemployment and declining support from within her party. 

Births & Deaths:
2003American singer and songwriter June Carter Cash—a leading figure in country music, especially noted for her work with the Carter Family and Johnny Cash—died in Nashville. 

2010 – Jessica Watson at age 16 becomes the youngest person to sail solo, non-stop and unassisted around the world 

1914 – Henri Rabaud’s opera “Marouf, savetier de Caire” premieres in Paris 

TV & Film:
2002 – “Bowling for Columbine”, a documentary directed by Michael Moore has its premiere at the Cannes Film Festival 

Via Brittanica / On This Day

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