On This Day…

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1099 – First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on

1283 – War of the Sicilian Vespers: Battle of Malta

1497 – Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama departs on his first voyage, becoming the 1st European to reach India by sea

1777 – Independent Vermont introduces a new constitution, prohibiting slavery

1800 – Dr Benjamin Waterhouse gives 1st cowpox vaccination in the US to his son to prevent smallpox

1853 – Commodore Matthew C. Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay, opening Japan to Western influence and trade

1948 – 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow

1949 – South Africa’s Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act commences, prohibiting marriage or a sexual relationship between White people and people of other races [1]

1963 – US bans all monetary transactions with Cuba

1975 – Israeli premier Yitzhak Rabin visits West Germany

1988 – Stevie Wonder announces he will run for mayor of Detroit in 1992

1992 – Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe creates the office of High Commissioner on National Minorities

2017 – Unesco declares Asmara, capital of Eritrea, a world heritage site for its Art Deco buildings

2018 – British Brexit Secretary David Davis resigns in a stand against Theresa May’s new softer Brexit policy

2020 – US government issues directive that more than 1 million international students will be stripped of their visas if their courses entirely online

Film & TV:

2010 – “Inception”, directed by Christopher Nolan and starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Joseph Gordon-Levitt, premieres in London


1996 – British girls group the Spice Girls release their debut single “Wannabe” in the UK


1995 – Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: German superstar Steffi Graf beats Arantxa Sánchez Vicario of Spain 4-6, 6-1, 7-5 for her 6th Wimbledon title

Via Britannica / On This Day