On This Day…

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1789 – Bastille Day – the French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille Prison in Paris (now celebrated as France’s national day)

1798 – US Sedition Act prohibits “false, scandalous & malicious” writing against government

1850 – 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration by Florida physician John Gorrie

1933 – All non-Nazi parties are banned in Germany

1941 – 6,000 Lithuanian Jews are exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp

1976 – Democratic Convention in NYC nominates former Georgia governor Jimmy Carter for president and US Senator Walter Mondale, from Minnesota, for vice president

1984 – New Zealand snap election, David Lange’s Labour Party defeats Robert Muldoon’s National Party

1992 – 386BSD is released by Lynne Jolitz and William Jolitz, starting the open source operating system revolution. Linus Torvalds release “Linux” soon afterwards

2002 – French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed during Bastille Day celebrations

2014 – The Egyptian government propose a cease fire in the Israel–Gaza conflict

2018 – More than 300 people now reported killed in protests against government of President Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua

2019 – US President Donald Trump ignites racial controversy by tweeting four Democrat women of color “go back and help fix the totally broken and crime infested places from which they came”

2020 – New study shows Andean condor, world’s heaviest bird, can fly for 5 hours without flapping its wings (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)

Film & TV:

1969 – “Easy Rider”, directed by Dennis Hopper, starring himself, Peter Fonda and Jack Nicholson, is released

Music:

1795 – The French National Convention decrees “La Marseillaise” by Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle France’s national anthem

Sport:

1964 – 51st Tour de France: Jacques Anquetil of France wins 4th consecutive Tour and is first to claim 5 titles

Via Britannica / On This Day