On This Day…

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1595 – Astronomer Johannes Kepler has an epiphany and develops his theory of the geometrical basis of the universe while teaching in Graz

1843 – The steamship SS Great Britain is launched, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, is the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and the largest vessel afloat in the world

1848 – 1st US women’s rights convention held in Seneca Falls NY, organised by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott

1941 – British PM Winston Churchill launches his “V for Victory” campaign

1950 – Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Summi maeroris

1969 – Apollo 11 goes into Moon orbit

1982 – Bolivian government resigns

2009 – The Wesley Impact: black spot the size of Earth discovered on Jupiter after unknown object crashed onto the planet

2013 – 20 people are killed by a suicide bombing in Diyala, Iraq

2017 – US scientists calculate total amount plastic ever produced – 8.3 billion tonnes, equal to weight of 1 billion elephants

2017 – Investigators using DNA identify 16 year-old James Byron Haakenson as a victim of serial killer John Wayne Gacy, 41 years after his disappearance

2018 – Largest intact sarcophagus of its kind ever found (2000 years old) opened in Alexandria, contains 3 skeletons, not a curse as feared

2019 – Heat wave begins across the east of America affecting 100 million people and killing 6, with New York city declaring a state of emergency

Film & TV:

1941 – Tom and Jerry first appear under their own names in cartoon “The Midnight Snack” by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera


1913 – Billboard publishes earliest known “Last Week’s 10 Best Sellers Among Popular Songs”; “Malinda’s Wedding Day” by singers Byron Harlan and Arthur Collins is #1 (recorded in Camden, New Jersey)

1976 – British rock group Deep Purple disbands


1877 – 1st Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: 27-year-old English rackets player Spencer Gore wins inaugural event; beats William Marshall 6-1, 6-2, 6-4

1903 – 1st Tour de France: French rider Maurice Garin wins inaugural event

Via Britannica / On This Day