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On This Day…

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1281 – During Kublai Khan’s second Mongol invasion of Japan his invading Chinese fleet of 3,500 vessels disappears in a typhoon near Japan

1842 – Second Seminole War declared over by Colonel Worth; Indians go on to be removed from Florida to Oklahoma

1945 – V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)

1947 – Pakistan gains independence from Great Britain

1969 – British Army deploys on the streets of Northern Ireland, marking the beginning of Operation Banner

1980 – 17,000 workers go on strike at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk, Poland, marking the beginning of the Solidarity movement

1995 – Iran’s official news agency, IRNA, reports that Iran has been unable to sell 200 million barrels per day of crude oil since the imposition of a unilateral oil embargo by the US

2010 – 1st Summer Youth Olympic Games opens in Singapore

2012 – 46 people are killed and 80 injured after a series of suicide bombings in Afghanistan

2017 – Cholera has now infected more than 500,000 people in Yemen and killed over 2,000 according to the World Health Organisation

2019 – Pakistan PM Imran Khan strongly criticizes India for revoking Kashmir’s special status and putting it under lockdown in address in Pakistan-controlled Kashmir

Film & TV:

1938 – BBC’s 1st feature film on TV (Student of Prague)

Music:

1995 – “Battle of Brit Pop” rival bands Oasis (Roll with It) and Blur (Country House) release singles on the same day

Sport:

1987 – Oakland’s Mark McGwire sets rookie HR record at 39, en route to 49

2016 – Jamaican sprint star Usain Bolt wins coveted 100m Olympic 100m gold medal in 9.81 at Rio de Janeiro Olympics – first man to win the event 3 times

Via Britannica / On This Day