On This Day…

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627 – Battle at Nineveh: Byzantine Emperor Heraclius beats Sassanid forces during Byzantine-Sassanid War

1408 – Order of the Dragon: The Order of the Dragon was first created by Emperor Sigismund, then King of Hungary, and his wife Queen Barbara of Celje following the battle for possession of Bosnia.

1901 – Guglielmo Marconi sends the first transatlantic radio signal, from Poldhu in Cornwall to Newfoundland, Canada

1925 – Last Qajar Shah of Iran deposed; Rezā Shāh Pahlavi takes over

1932 – USSR & China resume diplomatic relations

1936 – Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek declares war on Japan

1936 – Chinese Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek was seized by one of his own generals, Chang Hsüeh-liang, beginning the Xi’an Incident.

1941 – European reservists on Java mobilize

1946 – UN accepts 6 Manhattan blocks as a gift from John D. Rockefeller Jr

1959 – UN Committee on Peaceful Use of Outer Space is established

1961 – Adolf Eichmann is found guilty of war crimes in Israel

1961 – Martin Luther King Jr. & 700 demonstrators are arrested in Albany, Georgia

1964 – Kenya became a republic on the first anniversary of its independence from Britain.

1975 – Sara Jane Moore pleds guilty to trying to kill US President Gerald Ford

1981 – Gambia & Senegal sign agreement to be known as Senegambia in Feb 1982

1988 – Sandra Miller of Queens sues Mike Tyson for sexual harassment

1995 – Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres addresses both houses of the US Congress

2000 – US Supreme Court releases its decision in Bush v. Gore, settling the recount dispute in Florida’s 2000 presidential election in George W. Bush’s favor and thus handing him the presidency

2006 – Peugeot produces its last car at the Ryton Plant signalling the end of mass car production in Coventry, formerly a major centre of the British motor industry.

2009 – With the victory of Democratic politician Annise Parker, Houston became the then largest city in the United States to elect an openly gay mayor.

2013 – The United States announces sanctions on the two dozen companies who assisted Iran with their nuclear program

2014 – UN climate change talks in Peru continue past scheduled time as negotiations continue to stall

2015 – First women ever elected in Saudi Arabia in municipal council elections

2015 – A landmark climate change agreement was reached at a UN conference in Paris as 195 countries agreed to limit greenhouse gas emissions; the accord effectively replaced the Kyoto Protocol.

2018 – British Prime Minister Theresa May survives 200-117 no-confidence vote from own Conservative Party

2019 – British General Election won by Boris Johnson’s Conservative Party in landslide win with 80 seat majority. Scottish National Party also wins 48 of 59 seats in Scotland.

2019 – Deepest point on land on earth identified under Denman Glacier, east Antarctica at 3.5km (11,500ft) below sea level

2019 – British General Election won by Boris Johnson’s Conservative Party in landslide win with 80 seat majority. Scottish National Party also wins 48 of 59 seats in Scotland.

2020 –  UN Chief Antonio Guterres urges world’s leaders to declare “climate emergency” to avoid catastrophic global warning on 5th anniversary of Paris Climate Accord

Births & Deaths:

1915 – American popular singer Frank Sinatra, who also achieved wide success as a film actor, was born in Hoboken, New Jersey.

1923 – American game show host Bob Barker, who was best known for hosting The Price Is Right (1972–2007), was born.

1999 – American author Joseph Heller—the author of Catch-22 (1961), one of the most significant works of protest literature to appear after World War II—died at age 76.

Film & TV:

1966 – “A Man for All Seasons” based on the play by Robert Bolt, directed by Fred Zinnemann and starring Paul Scofield premieres in New York (Best Picture 1967)

1988 – “Rainman” directed by Barry Levinson and starring Dustin Hoffman and Tom Cruise premieres in New York (Best Picture 1989)

Music:

1792 – In Vienna, Ludwig van Beethoven (22) receives 1st lesson in music composition from Franz Joseph Haydn

1977 – The music drama Saturday Night Fever, starring John Travolta, had its world premiere; the film was a huge hit, as was the accompanying disco sound track by the Bee Gees.

Sport:

1930 – Baseball Rules Committee greatly revises the rule book, ball bouncing into stands not a HR, now a double

1968 – Arthur Ashe becomes 1st black to be ranked #1 in tennis

Via Britannica / On This Day

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