Portugal’s government is aiming to protect young people in the jobs market with a new law to cut the repeated renewals of short-term contracts, increase overtime and redundancy payments, and secure minimum pay levels for interns.
The ruling centre-left Socialists have a majority in parliament, meaning the bill, with 70 stricter labour measures, should be approved by its intended entry into force from Jan. 1.
In the first quarter, Portugal’s unemployment rate dropped to the lowest level in 20 years at 5.9%, but the share of precarious jobs is among the highest in Europe, and youth unemployment has remained above 20%.
Labour Minister Ana Mendes Godinho said 62% of young people who work had precarious short-term temporary contracts, compared to the EU average of 49%.
In 2021, eight out of 10 new contracts were short-term or entailed services for third parties such as delivery apps, without permanent labour links.
Mendes Godinho said the legislation would combat the “abusive use of temporary work and unprotected work”.
“We want to send a strong message to young people: Portugal values them, we want to attract and retain talent,” she told a news conference.
Companies will only be able to renew temporary contracts four times in a row, down from six times now, before the workers must become fully employed.
Workers of unlicensed temporary employment firms, such as those hiring seasonal staff, will be automatically integrated as staff of their actual employer, the bill stipulates.
Companies will be barred from paying interns less than 80% of the minimum wage, now at 705 euros ($756) per month, and there will be additional overtime pay for those who reach 120 extra hours per year.
Severance compensation will rise to an equivalent of 24 days of paid work for each year of employment from 18 days now.