Survivors of the 43-month siege of Sarajevo are hoping for closure when Bosnian Serb military commander Ratko Mladic receives a final verdict on Tuesday (June 8) in his appeal against conviction for genocide and war crimes during the 1990s.
In 2017, the Hague-based International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia jailed Mladic for life on charges including terrorizing Sarajevo’s civilian population during the siege, and the genocide of more than 8,000 Muslim men and boys at Srebrenica in 1995. Final judgement in the case is due on Tuesday.
Zdravka Gvozdjar, whose son Eldin was killed in the street at the age of 9 by a Serb grenade, hopes the judgement will not be altered.
“Someone has to pay for all these children killed here,” Gvozdjar said, as she stood at the Bosnian capital’s monument to the 1,600 child victims of the siege.
In the fighting from 1992 to 1995, Bosnian Serb forces, backed by the Yugoslav army, cut off Sarajevo’s electricity and water and killed about 11,000 people with artillery, mortar, tank and sniper fire from the surrounding hills.
In July 1995, Mladic led the seizure of the United Nations-protected “safe zone” of Srebrenica, where his troops executed 8,000 Muslim males over several days. Their bodies were dumped in mass graves and later reburied to hide the crime.
Fikret Grabovica, who lost his 11-year-old daughter Irma in a Sarajevo shelling incident, said Mladic should be remembered as the “worst criminal in the history of the region”.
He said it was disappointing that Mladic was being promoted as a national hero, even by young people born after the war. Murals of the former general have appeared in towns across the Serb-dominated region of ethnically divided Bosnia.
Most Serbs regard Mladic as their defender and hero, and consider the war crimes court to be biased against Serbs.
The conviction of war criminals is a source of inner peace for survivors and victims, War Childhood Museum researcher, Aynura Akbas, said.
She added the museum is the only one focusing on experiencing war as a child. It collects belongings from children from around the world who lived during an armed conflict.