Cyprus warned money laundering risk in the real estate sector has “increased exponentially” under the Investment Program

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Cyprus needs to step up its fight against the laundering of illicit cash generated outside the east Mediterranean island nation, a leading European financial watchdog said Wednesday.

Moneyval, which is part of the Council of Europe, the continent’s leading human rights organization, said in a report that Cypriot law enforcement should be more aggressive in going after laundering of revenues that criminals rake in abroad.

The body also said the money laundering risk in the real estate sector has “increased exponentially” under the Cyprus Investment Program which enables third county nationals who buy property in the country to gain Cypriot — and by extension European Union — citizenship.

Nearly 4,000 Cypriot passports were issued to investors under the program that generated approximately 7 billion euros ($7.8 billion) since its inception in 2013.

Moneyval said ill-gotten money from abroad flowing in or through Cypriot banks is the main money laundering and terror financing risk that Cyprus faces.

Moneyval credited the Cypriot banking sector for having a firm grasp of the risks and has taken solid steps to counter them, including strong supervision from the Central Bank of Cyprus.

In the wake of a 2013 financial crisis that brought the country to the brink of bankruptcy, Cypriot banks have enacted a raft of measures such as stringent client vetting to shed a lingering reputation for money laundering.

Moneyval said more work is needed to get lawyers and accountants to provide information on who the real owners of companies in the country are, as well as reporting suspicious money transactions.

According to Moneyval, Cypriot authorities “have been instrumental” in helping other countries with freezing and confiscating foreign illicit money, but they need to show more initiative in doing so on their own.

Read more via AP/ Moneyval