Malta ranked last in the European Union with regard to the share of female participation in the country’s decision-making institution, with the lowest shares for both Cabinet and House representation. The research released by Eurostat, found that women held 33% of seats in national parliaments in the European Union in 2020. This share has been rising since 2004, when women accounted for around one-fifth (21%) of members in national parliaments.
Highest share of female parliamentarians in Sweden
While the share of seats held by women in national parliaments varies considerably between EU countries, no EU country had more women than men holding seats in parliament.
In 2020, the highest share of female members in national parliaments was recorded in Sweden, where women accounted for almost a half of parliamentarians (close to 50%), ahead of Finland (46%), Belgium (43%) and Spain (both 42%).
At the opposite end of the scale, the lowest shares were recorded in Hungary and Malta (both 13%).
Over half of government members are female in Finland, Austria, Sweden and France
Over the past years, the share of female members of government (senior and junior ministers) in the EU increased as well: from 20% in 2004 to 33% in 2020.
In 2020, Finland had the highest share of female members in its government (55%). Finland was followed by Austria (53%), Sweden (52%), France (51%) and Belgium (50%).
In contrast, the lowest shares were recorded in Malta (8%), Greece (11%) and Estonia (13%).