On This Day…

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1600The East India Company, formed for the exploitation of trade with East and Southeast Asia and India, was incorporated by English royal charter.
1744 – English astronomer James Bradley announces discovery of Earth’s nutation motion (wobble).
1775 – Battle of Quebec in American Revolutionary War; Americans defeated trying to take British stronghold.
1958 – Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista tells his Cabinet he is fleeing the country.
1991The Soviet Union legally ceased to exist, Russia and other former Soviet republics having declared themselves independent and having founded the Commonwealth of Independent States on December 21, 1991.
1999The United States officially handed over control of the Panama Canal to Panama.
2004Taipei 101, then the tallest building in the world, reaching a height of 1,667 feet (508 metres), opened in Taipei, Taiwan. 

Births & Deaths: 1869Henri Matisse, the artist often regarded as the most-important French painter of the 20th century, was born.
1972Baseball great Roberto Clemente died in an airplane crash en route to Nicaragua with relief supplies collected for earthquake survivors.
1937 –  Sir Anthony Hopkins, an Oscar-winning actor known for roles in many films, including The Lion in WinterSilence of the Lambs and The Remains of the Day’ was born. 

Music: 1879 – Gilbert and Sullivan’s comic opera “Pirates of Penzance” premieres in NYC.

 TV & Film: 1923 – BBC begins using Big Ben chime ID.

Via Britannica / On This Day


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