30 – Scholars’ estimate for Jesus’ crucifixion by Roman troops in Jerusalem.
529 – First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (fundamental work in jurisprudence) issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I.
1927 – The first public demonstration of a one-way videophone occurred between Herbert Hoover, then U.S. secretary of commerce, in Washington, D.C., and officials of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) in New York City.
1948 – World Health Organization formed by the United Nations.
1954 – US President Dwight D. Eisenhower in news conference is first to voice fear of a “domino-effect” of communism in Indo-China.
1969 – The Internet’s symbolic birth date: publication of RFC 1.
1994 – Rwandan Prime Minister Agathe Uwilingiyimana, a moderate Hutu, was assassinated by Hutu soldiers—a day after the deaths of Juvénal Habyarimana, president of Rwanda, and Cyprien Ntaryamira, president of Burundi—as Rwanda entered a period of anarchy and mass killings.
1999 – The World Trade Organisation rules in favor of the United States in its long-running trade dispute with the European Union over bananas.
2001 – NASA launched the Mars Odyssey spacecraft, which reached Mars in October and transmitted photos and other data back to scientists on Earth.
Births & Deaths:
2012 – American television journalist Mike Wallace, who was noted for his aggressive, bruising style during interviews on the long-running TV newsmagazine program 60 Minutes, died in Connecticut.
2000 – South African cricket captain Hansie Cronje is charged by Delhi police with fixing One Day International matches against India.
1724 – Johann Sebastian Bach’s “St John Passion” premieres in Leipzig.
TV & Film:
1906 – The world’s 1st animated cartoon “Humorous Phases of Funny Faces” by J. Stuart Blackton is released.
Via Britannica / On This Day