On This Day…

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30 – Scholars’ estimate for Jesus’ crucifixion by Roman troops in Jerusalem.
529 – First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (fundamental work in jurisprudence) issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I.
1927The first public demonstration of a one-way videophone occurred between Herbert Hoover, then U.S. secretary of commerce, in Washington, D.C., and officials of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) in New York City.
1948 – World Health Organization formed by the United Nations.
1954 – US President Dwight D. Eisenhower in news conference is first to voice fear of a “domino-effect” of communism in Indo-China.
1969 – The Internet’s symbolic birth date: publication of RFC 1.
1994Rwandan Prime Minister Agathe Uwilingiyimana, a moderate Hutu, was assassinated by Hutu soldiers—a day after the deaths of Juvénal Habyarimana, president of Rwanda, and Cyprien Ntaryamira, president of Burundi—as Rwanda entered a period of anarchy and mass killings.
1999 – The World Trade Organisation rules in favor of the United States in its long-running trade dispute with the European Union over bananas.
2001NASA launched the Mars Odyssey spacecraft, which reached Mars in October and transmitted photos and other data back to scientists on Earth.

Births & Deaths:
2012American television journalist Mike Wallace, who was noted for his aggressive, bruising style during interviews on the long-running TV newsmagazine program 60 Minutes, died in Connecticut. 

Sport:
2000 – South African cricket captain Hansie Cronje is charged by Delhi police with fixing One Day International matches against India. 

Music:
1724 – Johann Sebastian Bach’s “St John Passion” premieres in Leipzig. 

TV & Film:
1906 – The world’s 1st animated cartoon “Humorous Phases of Funny Faces” by J. Stuart Blackton is released. 

Via Britannica / On This Day

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