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On This Day…

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330 – Constantinople (Byzantium) becomes the capital of the Roman Empire 

1189 – Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa and 100,000 crusaders depart Regensburg for the Third Crusade 

1751 – Pennsylvania Hospital founded by Dr. Thomas Bond and Benjamin Franklin 

1894Railroad workers for the Pullman Palace Car Company went on strike, and the protest continued for several months until the federal government intervened. 

1910Glacier National Park was established in the Rocky Mountain wilderness of northwestern Montana. 

1924 – Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft and Benz & Cie begin their first joint venture (later merge into Mercedes-Benz) 

1995 – In New York City, more than 170 countries decide to extend the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty indefinitely and without conditions. 

1997IBM’s chess-playing computer Deep Blue defeated Garry Kasparov in the last game of a six-game match to claim a 3.5–2.5 victory (it won two games and had three draws); it marked the first time a current world champion had lost a match to a computer under tournament conditions. 

2000 – India’s population officially reaches 1 billion – Astha Arora named India’s billionth baby 

2010Scottish-born British politician Gordon Brown officially resigned as prime minister of the United Kingdom, ending 13 years of Labour Party rule. 

 Births & Deaths:
1981Jamaican reggae star Bob Marley died of cancer. 

Sport:
1893 – Henri Desgrange establishes world’s 1st bicycle world record, travelling 35.325 km (21.95 miles) an hour 

Music:
1981 – Andrew Lloyd Webber’s musical “Cats” (based on poetry by T. S. Eliot) directed by Trevor Nunn first premieres in the West End, London 

TV & Film:
1969 – British comedy troupe Monty Python forms, made up of Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin

Via Britannica / On This Day 

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