330 – Constantinople (Byzantium) becomes the capital of the Roman Empire
1189 – Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa and 100,000 crusaders depart Regensburg for the Third Crusade
1751 – Pennsylvania Hospital founded by Dr. Thomas Bond and Benjamin Franklin
1894 – Railroad workers for the Pullman Palace Car Company went on strike, and the protest continued for several months until the federal government intervened.
1910 – Glacier National Park was established in the Rocky Mountain wilderness of northwestern Montana.
1924 – Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft and Benz & Cie begin their first joint venture (later merge into Mercedes-Benz)
1995 – In New York City, more than 170 countries decide to extend the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty indefinitely and without conditions.
1997 – IBM’s chess-playing computer Deep Blue defeated Garry Kasparov in the last game of a six-game match to claim a 3.5–2.5 victory (it won two games and had three draws); it marked the first time a current world champion had lost a match to a computer under tournament conditions.
2000 – India’s population officially reaches 1 billion – Astha Arora named India’s billionth baby
2010 – Scottish-born British politician Gordon Brown officially resigned as prime minister of the United Kingdom, ending 13 years of Labour Party rule.
Births & Deaths:
1981 – Jamaican reggae star Bob Marley died of cancer.
1893 – Henri Desgrange establishes world’s 1st bicycle world record, travelling 35.325 km (21.95 miles) an hour
1981 – Andrew Lloyd Webber’s musical “Cats” (based on poetry by T. S. Eliot) directed by Trevor Nunn first premieres in the West End, London
TV & Film:
1969 – British comedy troupe Monty Python forms, made up of Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin
Via Britannica / On This Day