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On This Day…

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1792– Mount Unzen on Japan’s Shimabara Peninsula, erupts creating a tsunami, killing about 15,000; Japan’s deadliest volcanic eruption 

1832 – 1st Democratic National Convention (Baltimore) 

1881 – Clara Barton founded the American Association of the Red Cross (later the American Red Cross). 

1871 - French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die 

1927– Aviator Charles Lindbergh, in the Spirit of St Louis, lands in Paris after the first solo air crossing of Atlantic 

1932– After flying for 17 hours from Newfoundland, Amelia Earhart lands near Londonderry, Northern Ireland, becoming the 1st transatlantic solo flight by a woman 

1972 – Michelangelo’s Pietà, a sculpture depicting the Virgin Mary supporting the body of the dead Christ, was attacked and badly damaged in St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City 

1991 – Indian politician Rajiv Gandhi, who served as the country’s prime minister (1984–89), was assassinated in a suicide bombing attack. 

Births & Deaths: 
1844 – French painter Henri Rousseau—the archetype of the modern naive artist, known for his richly coloured and meticulously detailed pictures of lush jungles, wild beasts, and exotic figures—was born in Laval.
2000 – British author Dame Barbara Cartland—who wrote more than 700 books, mostly formulaic novels of romantic love set in the 19th century—died. 

Film & TV:
1908– 1st horror movie (Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde) premieres in Chicago 

1981– Reggae musician Bob Marley receives a Jamaican state funeral 

1904– Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) forms in Paris 

Via Britannica / On This Day 



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