On this day…

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879 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Aeterni Patris

1914 WWI: Field Marshal Lord Kitchener becomes British Minister of War after British declaration of war on Germany

1942 1st train with Jews departs Mechelen Belgium to Auschwitz

1944 Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified

1962 Nelson Mandela captured by South African police

1970 Jim Morrison arrested for drunkenness

1979 Italian government of Cossiga begins

1984 American athlete Carl Lewis wins the 100m in 9.9 seconds in Los Angeles, first of 9 Olympic gold medals over 3 Games

1984 Prince’s “Purple Rain” album goes #1 & stays #1 for 24 weeks

1993 Rwandian Hutus and Tutsis sign peace treaty in Arusha, Tanzania

1995 Operation Storm begins in Croatia, the Croatian army attacks territory under the Republic of Serbian Krajina in the largest land battle since WWII

2013 Hassan Rouhani is inaugurated as the President of Iran

2015 Muppets Missy Piggy and Kermit the Frog announce the end to their relationship on Twitter

2018 President Nicolás Maduro of Venezuela survives an assassination attempt by drone, live on TV

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