On This Day…

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406 – 80,000 Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine at Mainz, beginning invasion of Gallia

1744 – English astronomer James Bradley announces discovery of Earth’s nutation motion (wobble)

1775 – Battle of Quebec in American Revolutionary War; Americans defeated trying to take British stronghold

1857 – Ottawa, located in Ontario at the confluence of the Ottawa, Gatineau, and Rideau rivers and whose area was first described by Samuel de Champlain in 1613, was named the capital of Canada by Queen Victoria 

1861 – 22,990mm of rain falls in Cherrapunji Assam in India in 1861, a world record

1958 – Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista tells his Cabinet he is fleeing the country

1964 – Indonesia proclaims expelled from the UN

1966 – Pirate Radio 390 (Radio Invicata) off England, resumes transmitting

1967 – Evel Knievel fails in his attempt to jump the Caesar’s Palace Fountain, Las Vegas, breaking his pelvis, femur, wrist, hip and both ankles

1970 – Paul McCartney files a lawsuit to dissolve The Beatles

1972 – Martin McGuinness is arrested and held under the new Republic of Ireland legislation

1977 – Ted Bundy escapes from jail in Colorado

1984 – US leaves UNESCO

1990 – Iraq begins a military draft of 17 year olds

1997 – Microsoft buys Hotmail email service for $400 million and re-launches it as MSN Hotmail

1999 – The United States officially handed over control of the Panama Canal to Panama.

1999 – Boris Yeltsin resigns as President of Russia, leaving Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as acting President

2004 – Taipei 101, then the tallest building in the world, reaching a height of 1,667 feet (508 metres), opened in Taipei, Taiwan.

2018 – Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina wins third term in Bangladesh elections with 17 people killed in violent clashes

2019 – The World Health Organization first learned of “viral pneumonia” cases in Wuhan, China; the disease was later determined to be COVID-19, which became a global pandemic the following year.

Film & TV:

1923 – BBC begins using Big Ben chime ID

Music:

1879 – Gilbert and Sullivan’s comic opera “Pirates of Penzance” premieres in NYC

Sport:

1989 – Jockey Kent Desormeaux sets record with 598 wins in a year

Via Britannica / On This Day

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