On This Day…

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1521 - Spanish conquistadors under Hernán Cortés capture Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc in Tenochtitlan marking the end of the Aztec Empire 

1536 - Buddhist monks from Kyōto’s Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536). 

1642 - Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap 

1788 - Prussia joins Anglo-Dutch alliance to form Triple Alliance to prevent spread of Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90 

1937 - Second Sino-Japanese War: Japanese forces begin the Battle of Shanghai, a conflict that will last 3 months and involve 1 million troops 

1942 - The ‘Manhattan Project’ commences, under the direction of US General Leslie Groves: its aim – to deliver an atomic bomb

1961 – Shortly after midnight on this day in 1961, East German soldiers begin laying down barbed wire and bricks as a barrier between Soviet-controlled East Berlin and the democratic western section of the city. 

2015 – US Government formally returns to France Picasso‘s painting La Coiffeuse, stolen from Paris’ National Museum of Modern Art in 2001 

2019 – Measles cases have tripled worldwide in 2019 according to WHO with 364,808 reported against vs 129,239 in 2018 

Births & Deaths: 
1899 – Alfred Hitchcock, English director  (Psycho, Birds, Rear Window), born in Leytonstone, Essex (d. 1980)

1926 – Cuban revolutionary Fidel Castro is born in the Oriente province of eastern Cuba. The son of a Spanish immigrant who had made a fortune building rail systems to transport sugar cane, Fidel attended Roman Catholic boarding schools in Santiago de Cuba.  

2004 – American cooking expert Julia Child—who brought the art of French cooking to a vast number of Americans through her books and, especially, her programs on public television, where she became known for her humour and hearty voice—died at age 91. 

Film & TV:
1967 - “Bonnie and Clyde”, directed by Arthur Penn and starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway, is released 

2013– “Crash My Party” 4th studio album by Luke Bryan is released (Billboard Album of the Year 2014)
1971 – Paul & Linda McCartney release “Back Seat of My Car”

2008 - American super-swimmer Michael Phelps wins 3 gold medals, all in world record time, in the one day at the Beijing Olympics; 200m I/M (1:54.23), 200m butterfly (1.52.03) and 4 x 200m freestyle relay (6:58.56) 

Via Britannica / On This Day 

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