MOSCOW, Jan 27 (Reuters) – A Russian foreign ministry spokesman said on Thursday that even the thought of a war breaking out between Russia and Ukraine was “unacceptable”, the latest in a series of official statements aimed at quashing fears of a looming Russian invasion.
“We have already repeatedly stated that our country does not intend to attack anyone. We consider even the thought of a war between our people to be unacceptable,” said Alexei Zaitsev, a spokesman for the ministry.
Russia, which seized Crimea from Ukraine in 2014 and has backed an insurgency in eastern Ukraine, has built up forces on its territory near Ukraine as well as in neighbouring Belarus.
Kyiv rejects Russia’s version that the separatist conflict in eastern Ukraine is a civil war that has nothing to do with Moscow, saying Russia is supporting the separatists with covert forces on the ground.
Earlier, Russia’s top diplomat said on Thursday that the U.S. responses to Moscow’s security demands gave hope of starting serious dialogue, but only on secondary questions and not on the fundamental issues, Russian news agencies reported.
President Vladimir Putin will decide on Russia’s next steps with regards to the U.S. and NATO written responses that were handed over on Wednesday, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov was quoted as saying.
The Kremlin said on Thursday there was room to continue dialogue with the United States, but that it looked clear Russia’s main security demands had not been taken into account by Washington, though Moscow would not rush to draw conclusions.
Describing tensions in Europe as reminiscent of the Cold War, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said it would take time for Moscow to review the U.S. response to Russia’s sweeping security demands.
He said it was in both Moscow and Washington’s interests to continue dialogue, though he said that remarks out of the United States and NATO about Russia’s main demands being unacceptable did not leave a lot of room for optimism.
The United States said on Wednesday it had set out a diplomatic path to address sweeping Russian demands in eastern Europe, as Moscow held security talks with Western countries and intensified its military build-up near Ukraine with new drills.
In a written response to Russia’s demands delivered in person by its ambassador in Moscow, the U.S. repeated its commitment to upholding NATO’s “open-door” policy while offering a “principled and pragmatic evaluation” of the Kremlin’s concerns, Secretary of State Antony Blinken said.
Russia has demanded NATO pull back troops and weapons from eastern Europe and bar its neighbour Ukraine, a former Soviet state, from ever joining. Washington and its NATO allies reject that position but say they are ready to discuss other topics such as arms control and confidence-building measures.
“Putting things in writing is … a good way to make sure we’re as precise as possible, and the Russians understand our positions, our ideas, as clearly as possible. Right now, the document is with them and the ball is in their court,” Blinken told reporters.
Whether President Vladimir Putin is prepared to accept Washington and its allies’ agenda will determine the next phase of the crisis, in which Moscow has massed around 100,000 troops near the border with Ukraine while denying it plans to invade.
NATO says it is putting forces on standby and reinforcing eastern Europe with more ships and fighter jets, while the U.S., Britain and others are providing weapons to help Ukraine defend against Russia’s much larger army.
Asked how much time Russia would need to study NATO’s response, Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko told Interfax news agency: “We will read it. Study it. The partners studied our project for almost a month and a half.”
In Paris, diplomats from Russia, Ukraine, France and Germany held more than eight hours of talks on ending a separatist conflict in eastern Ukraine, part of the wider crisis between Moscow and Kyiv that risks becoming a full-scale war.
The so-called “Normandy” talks were a good signal from Russia and a step toward defusing broader tensions, though major differences remained with further talks planned in Berlin in two weeks, a French official said.
Western-Russian differences were on full display on Tuesday with U.S. President Joe Biden saying he would consider imposing sanctions personally on Putin if he invades Ukraine, part of an attempt by Washington to convince Moscow that any new action against Ukraine would bring massive costs.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said personal sanctions on Putin would be “politically destructive”, adding that Russia’s top leaders were legally barred from holding assets, property and bank accounts abroad.
Putin’s personal wealth is a sensitive topic in Russia. According to his most recent official disclosure, he earned just shy of 10 million roubles ($126,175) in 2020.
Peskov has previously said that imposing sanctions on Putin would amount to a severing of diplomatic relations.
MILITARY MANOEUVRES, ENERGY PRECAUTIONS
Russia staged new military drills on land and on the Black Sea on Wednesday and moved more paratroopers and fighter jets to Belarus, north of Ukraine, for what it describes as joint exercises there next month.
Ukraine Foreign minister Dmytro Kuleba said Moscow had not yet massed sufficient forces for a large-scale offensive, but that did not mean it could not do so later. Blinken said Americans in Ukraine should consider leaving.
A day after the U.S. delivered Javelin anti-tank missiles, launchers and other hardware to Ukraine, Germany came under criticism for saying it would supply Kyiv with 5,000 military helmets while stopping short of providing weapons.
Kyiv Mayor Vitali Klitschko told Bild newspaper the German helmets were a joke. “What kind of support will Germany send next?” he asked. “Pillows?”
The spat highlights the complicated task the U.S. faces in trying to build agreement with European allies, who maintain strong business relations with Russia and rely heavily on it for energy, on a strong sanctions package if Moscow attacks.
Top Italian business leaders, including UniCredit bank , went ahead with a video conference with Putin on Wednesday despite a call from their government not to take part. Ukraine was not discussed, the Italian organiser said.
U.S. State Department spokesperson Ned Price said on Wednesday the Nord Stream 2 pipeline between Russia and Germany “will not move forward” if Russia invades Ukraine, though he did not elaborate on whether Germany had taken the same position. Washington worries Nord Stream 2 would increase Europe’s reliance on Russia for gas.
U.S. officials say they are in talks with major energy-producing countries and companies worldwide over a potential diversion of supplies to Europe if Russia invades Ukraine.
When asked about reports that industry had little or no capacity to provide the required supplies, White House press secretary Jen Psaki said on Wednesday the United States faced logistical challenges, especially around moving natural gas.
“That’s part of our discussions with a lot of companies and countries,” Psaki said. “But again, these conversations are ongoing and we don’t intend to fail.”
Photo – Ukrainian serviceman attends a positions on a front line near the Avdiivka village, not far from pro-Russian militants controlled city of Donetsk, Ukraine. EPA-EFE/STANISLAV KOZLIUK