1512– Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the conduct of settlers with regards to native Indians in the New World.
1657 – “Flushing Remonstrance” petition signed in the Dutch colony of New Netherland, protesting the ban on Quaker worship.
1831 – Charles Darwin set sail on the HMS Beagle, beginning the voyage on which he would formulate his theory of evolution.
1904 – The play Peter Pan, by James Barrie, opens at the Duke of York’s Theater in London.
1939 – Between 20,000 & 40,000 die in magnitude 8 quake in Erzincam, Turkey.
1945 – International Monetary Fund formally established by 29 member .countries based on ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes
1949 – Queen Juliana of the Netherlands grants independence to Indonesia.
1968 – Apollo 8, the first manned mission to the moon, returns safely to Earth after an historic six-day journey.
1979 – After invading Afghanistan two days earlier Soviet forces pull off a coup in Kabul, killing President Hafizullah Amin
2007 – Pakistani politician Benazir Bhutto, the first woman leader of a Muslim nation in modern history, was assassinated in Rawalpindi, Pakistan, while campaigning for upcoming parliamentary elections.
2015 – American paintor, sculptor, and printmaker Ellsworth Kelly—who was a leading exponent of the hard-edge style, in which abstract contours are sharply and precisely defined—died in Spencertown, New York.
Music: 1932 – Radio City Music Hall opens in New York City
Via Britannica / On This Day