In 1870 the first Vatican Council, also known as Vatican I, decrees the doctrine of Papal infallibility. The doctrine claims that the Pope cannot err when speaking on issues of morality and/ or faith.
The 1st half-page newspaper ad is published (NY Weekly Journal), on this day in 1743.
In 1925 Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf (original title was the catchy “Four and a Half Years (of Struggle) Against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice”).
In 1918, Nelson Mandela was born. His negotiations in the early 1990s with South African Pres. F.W. de Klerk helped end the country’s apartheid system of racial segregation and ushered in a peaceful transition to majority rule. Mandela and de Klerk were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1993 for their efforts.
In 1940, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who first took office in 1933 as America’s 32nd president, is nominated for an unprecedented third term. Roosevelt, a Democrat, would eventually be elected to a record four terms in office, the only U.S. president to serve more than two terms.
In 1950 Richard Branson, English businessman, who founded Virgin Group, was born.
In 1968 Intel is founded in Santa Clara, California. Intel corporation over the years became the world’s largest semiconductor chip manufacturer.
In 2012 Kim Jong-un is officially appointed Supreme Leader of North Korea and given the rank of Marshal in the Korean People’s Army