On This Day…

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1242  Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod defeats Teutonic Knights in the Battle of the Ice.
1614 – Powhatan Indian Pocahontas married Virginia planter and colonial official John Rolfe.
1722– Dutch navigator Jacob Roggeveen discovers Easter Island.
1818– In the Battle of Maipú, Chile’s independence movement – led by Bernardo O’Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.
1874– Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, opens in Birkenhead, England, designed by Joseph Paxton.
1879 – Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
1955 – Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, the British leader who guided Great Britain and the Allies through the crisis of World War II, retires as prime minister of Great Britain. 

Births & Deaths: 
1951 – Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, sentenced to death.
1994 – American grunge rocker Kurt Cobain, leader of the band Nirvana, committed suicide.
2008 – American actor Charlton Heston, who possessed a commanding screen presence and was best known for such films as The Ten Commandments (1956) and Planet of the Apes (1968), died in California. 

TV & Film:
1997 - Steve Irwin’s “The Crocodile Hunter” debuts. 

1984– Kareem Abdul-Jabbar breaks Wilt Chamberlain’s all-time career scoring record of 31,419 points (31,421). 

1874– Johann Strauss Jr’s opera “Die Fledermaus” premieres in Vienna. 

Via Britannica / On This Day 


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