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On This Day…

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1660 – English parliament declares Charles Stuart to be King Charles II of England 

1835 – 1st installment of Hans Christian Andersen “Fairy Tales” published by C. A. Reitzel in Copenhagen, Denmark 

1886American pharmacist John S. Pemberton developed Coca-Cola, a drink he originally billed as a cure-all tonic. 

1895 – China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki 

1902 – Mount Pelée on the French overseas island of Martinique erupts, wiping out the city of Saint-Pierre, killing 30,000 and leaving only two survivors 

1942In the Battle of the Coral Sea, the USS Lexington became the first U.S. aircraft carrier to be sunk during World War II. 

1945 – V-E Day: World War II ends in Europe after Germany signs an unconditional surrender 

1980 – World Health Organization announces smallpox has been eradicated 

1999Nancy Mace became the first woman to graduate from The Citadel, a military college in Charleston, South Carolina. 

2007 – A new Northern Ireland Executive is formed with Ian Paisley (Democratic Unionist Party) as First Minister and Martin McGuinness (Sinn Féin) as Deputy First Minister 

Births & Deaths:
1903 – French painter Paul Gauguin who is now recognized for his experimental use of color and Synthetist style that were distinct from Impressionism, died.  

Sport:
1984 – The Soviet Union announces it will not participate in Los Angeles Summer Olympics in retaliation for the American boycott of the 1980 Moscow Olympics 

Music:
1979 – The Cure release their debut album “Three Imaginary Boys” (Boys Don’t Cry in US, Australia) 

TV & Film:
1958 – “Dracula” film starring Christopher Lee as the eponymous vampire, directed by Terence Fisher is the first Hammar Horror film released 

Via Britannica / On This Day

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