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On This Day…

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1789 – William Wilberforce makes his first major speech on abolition in the UK House of Commons, reasoning the slave trade morally reprehensible and an issue of natural justice 

1926Aboard the semirigid airship Norge, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, American scientist Lincoln Ellsworth, and Italian engineer Umberto Nobile made the first undisputed flight over the North Pole. 

1937King George VI of the United Kingdom was crowned following the abdication of Edward VIII. 

1940 – Nazi blitzkrieg and conquest of France begins with the crossing of the Muese River 

1943 – Axis forces in North Africa surrender 

1949The Soviet Union lifted its blockade of Berlin. 

2002 – Former US President Jimmy Carter arrives in Cuba for a five-day visit with Fidel Castro becoming first President of the United States, in or out of office, to visit the island since Castro’s 1959 revolution. 

2008Wenchuan earthquake, measuring 7.8 in magnitude occurs in Sichuan, China, killing over 87,000, injuring 374,643 and leaving homeless between 4.8 million and 11 million people 

Births & Deaths:
1820English nurse Florence Nightingale, who founded trained nursing as a profession for women, was born in Florence, Italy; International Nurses Day is celebrated on her birthday. 

Sport:
1875 – 1st recorded shutout in pro baseball, Chicago 1, St Louis 0 

Music:
1967 – “Are You Experienced” album by the Jimi Hendrix Experience first released – one of the most influential debut albums ever 

TV & Film:
1994 – “Pulp Fiction”, directed by Quentin Tarantino and starring John Travolta, Uma Thurman and Samuel L. Jackson premieres at the Cannes Film Festival (Palme d’Or 1994) 

Via Britannica / On This Day

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