1618– Second Defenestration of Prague: Two Catholic Lords Regent and their secretary are thrown out of a window and amazingly are not seriously injured by the 70 foot (21m) fall. Triggers the Thirty Years’ War.
1785– Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals
1813– South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador (“The Liberator”)
1949– Federal Republic of [West] Germany created out of the American, British and French occupation zones
1958– Mao Zedong starts the “Great Leap Forward” movement in China
1998– The Good Friday Agreement is accepted in a referendum in Northern Ireland with 75% voting yes.
2015 – Thousands of LGBTQ activists celebrated as Ireland became the first country to legalize same-sex marriage through referendum.
Births & Deaths: 1934 – Bonnie and Clyde, notorious American outlaws, were killed in a police shoot-out near Gibsland, Louisiana.
Film: 1980 - Horror film “The Shining” released directed by Stanley Kubrick, starring Jack Nicholson and Shelley Duvall, based on book by Stephen King
Music: 2000 - Eminem releases 3rd studio album “The Marshall Mathers LP”, is fastest ever selling studio album (Grammy – Best Rap Album 2001)
Sport: 1873– 1st Preakness Stakes: G. Barbee aboard Survivor wins in 2:43 at Pimlico Race Course, Baltimore, Maryland