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Peru’s interim president resigns after ultimatum from Congress, protest deaths

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Peru’s interim president, Manuel Merino, resigned on Sunday after the country’s political parties demanded he step down or face impeachment following the deaths of two people in protests over the sudden ouster of his predecessor.

Merino had been in office for less than a week, after Peru’s Congress voted last Monday to remove Martin Vizcarra as president over bribery allegations, which he denies. Neither Merino nor Luis Valdez, head of the Congress, said who would now be named as president.

In a televised speech at midday, Merino, the former head of Congress who had led the push to impeach Vizcarra, asked his Cabinet to remain in place to assist in the transition. He said his resignation was “irrevocable” and called for “peace and unity.”

Police and demonstrators clash during a protest against the new government of President Manuel Merino, in San Martin de Lima square, in Lima, Peru, 14 November 2020. Merino took office on 10 November amid a controversial constitutional process after the dismissal of former President Martin Vizcarra for ‘moral incapacity’ by Peruvian Congress.
EPA-EFE/Aldair Mejia

Peruvians poured onto the streets to celebrate Merino’s resignation, waving flags, chanting and banging pots. But the announcement nonetheless plunges Peru deeper into uncertainty and legal disarray as lawmakers wrestle with who will take his place.

Thousands in Peru had staged some of the country’s largest protests in decades – mostly peaceful but increasingly marred by clashes – since Congress voted to remove Vizcarra as president.

Just minutes before Merino announced he would step down, Congress president Luis Valdez said all of the country’s political parties had agreed he should resign. If he declined, Valdez said, lawmakers would launch impeachment proceedings.

Police and demonstrators clash during a protest against the new government of President Manuel Merino, in San Martin de Lima square, in Lima, Peru, 14 November 2020. Merino took office on 10 November amid a controversial constitutional process after the dismissal of former President Martin Vizcarra for ‘moral incapacity’ by Peruvian Congress.
EPA-EFE/Aldair Mejia

The latest political shakeup comes as Peru, the world’s No. 2 copper producer, battles the coronavirus pandemic and what is expected to be its worst economic contraction in a century.

A tense week collapsed into chaos late on Saturday, after mostly peaceful demonstrations grew more intense by nightfall. Two young protesters were killed in clashes, the public ombudsman said. Peru’s state medical program, EsSalud, confirmed in a statement that two young men had died from gunshot wounds.

Peru’s National Human Rights coordinator said 102 people were injured and at least 41 were missing. The Health Ministry said separately that 63 people were hospitalized after suffering injuries or inhaling tear gas. At least nine had gunshot wounds, officials said.

After the violence, all of Merino’s Cabinet ministers, who had been sworn in on Thursday, offered their resignations. Calls on Sunday grew for the departure of Merino, who took over last Tuesday.

The national assembly of Peru’s regional governments also released a statement demanding Merino’s resignation, saying he was “politically responsible for the acts of violence.”

Vizcarra blamed repression by Merino’s “illegal and illegitimate government” for the deaths of the two protesters overnight.

“The country will not allow the deaths of these brave young men to go unpunished,” Vizcarra wrote on Twitter.

On Saturday hundreds of mostly young protesters unveiled a massive Peruvian flag and sang the national anthem in Lima’s central Plaza San Martín.

But the sprawling coastal city soon echoed with sirens, shouts and chants of protesters’ demanding Merino’s removal as rallies and police response grew increasingly violent.

Peru’s Ombudsman warned on Twitter late Saturday that security forces had begun “misusing force and throwing tear gas without justification” against young protesters who had gathered in the city’s center. The agency has demanded an investigation.

“The march is not for Vizcarra to return, it is strictly against Merino. We are tired of corruption, of the usual politicians who divide and impose their personal interests,” said César Anchante, a University of Lima graduate who marched in a rally Saturday.

Merino’s prime minister earlier on Saturday told reporters that Vizcarra’s removal on corruption charges by the opposition-dominated Congress had been legal. Flores-Aráoz said Merino had no intention of caving to demands from protesters that he resign.

“This was a constitutional change,” Flores-Aráoz said. “We ask people for understanding. We don’t want to descend into chaos and anarchy.”

Merino had urged calm and promised to hold presidential elections already scheduled for April.

Vizcarra, a politically unaffiliated centrist who is popular with Peruvians, oversaw an anti-graft campaign that led to frequent clashes with Congress in a country that has a history of political upheaval and corruption.

The former president has yet to be found guilty of the corruption charges brought against him during the impeachment hearing prior to his ouster.

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